Chapter 3 Project Management

1 Chapter 3 O&M Management 3. A comprehensive database of more than 110 project management quizzes online, test your knowledge with project management quiz questions. Chapter 3: Project Management answers Summer 2013, Final Exam 16) The network below represents a project being analyzed by Critical Path Methods. The relational database management system should have been crushed long ago under the weight of this superior technology, introduced with tremendous hype in the early 1980s. Essay about Case Study 1: Green Computing Research Project – Part 1 613 Words | 3 Pages. Headquarters on Schedule and $3M under Budget Consolidation and relocation of U. Revise 8-5-3. More Chapter Events National Events. Study Flashcards On PMBOK Chapter 3 - Project Management Processes for a Project at Cram. The Project Life Cycle (Phases) The project manager and project team have one shared goal: to carry out the work of the project for the purpose of meeting the project's objectives. Study 48 Chapter 3 flashcards from Ashley S. Fundamentals of Emergency Management. CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT l CHAPTER 9 228 CHAPTER LEARNING OUTCOMES After studying this chapter, you should be able to: 1. 56 Guidebook for Successfully Assessing and Managing Risks for Airport Capital and Maintenance Projects 6. Describe how to plan for effective classroom management. According to A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, a project is "a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result". MULTIPLE CHOICE. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. 1 INTRODUCTION. The Critical Role of Classroom Management; Chapter 2. 5 (Proposal Preparation Process Schedule) with. Regional Traffic Operations Center. Information Technology Project Management, Sixth Edition Note: See the text itself for full citations. Check out Scrappy Project Management Chapter 3 by Kimberly Wiefling on Amazon Music. 1 Develop Project Charter 4. Matrix structure optimizes the use of resources. “Discussion of ‘Earnings Management and the Revelation Principle’. a project management methodology developed in the U. These project management (PM) practices are transferable to other types of projects (beyond IT) that would benefit from project management. In Chapter 2, we defined the DuPont Method for analyzing a company's finances. Project control provides critical information to all the other functions of the project and works closely with the project manager to evaluate the cost and scheduling impact of various options during the life of a project. Computing Research Project – Part 1 BACKGROUND: Read the Green Computing Research Project, Part 1 in Appendix C. The purpose of the Closing Process Group according to the PMBOK® Guide is to conclude all activities across all Project Management Process Groups to formally complete the project, phase, or contractual obligations. CHAPTER 3 Understanding the Project Management Process Groups The PMI PMBOK Process Groups are not a project management life cycle; they are the building blocks of every project management life … - Selection from Effective Project Management: Traditional, Agile, Extreme, Sixth Edition [Book]. The end result of this massive review was that classroom management was rated first in terms of its impact on student achievement. CHAPTER 1 2. Knowledge for the dynamic world of real estate management. These processes are based on best practices that are practiced on most projects, most of the time. 1 Project Management and the Project Manager 78. This video is unavailable. NASHVILLE – The Tennessee Department of Health has confirmed two additional cases of COVID-19 in Davidson County and Shelby County, bringing the state’s total number of confirmed cases to three. Chapter 3: Project Phases and Organization This chapter provides an overview of the organizational structure and phases of a project. The charter gives the project manager and his or her team the high-level scope, schedule, and resource window from which to operate. 3) with its multi-faceted nature is a theoretical substructure within the OBE approach and its implementation requires particular management skills. General Provisions. Main Characteristics 5. Sample Project-3: Nuclear Disaster Author Ram Kumar. You won’t become a world authority on the project management discipline, but you will become an effective and efficient project manager. Chapter 3 Project Selection and Portfolio Management Project Selection Procedures: A Cross-Industry Sampler. Was added for people who wish to attach pdf or other documents. Chapter 2: A guided tour of Project. Define Balanced Matrix. Effective October 22, 2018. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. a project management methodology developed in the U. It could deliver late as a result, and cost a lot more. While its origins are unclear, it has been used since at least the 1950s. Project planning consists of two main stages: Risk Management and Project Scheduling. Strategic Management - An Introduction. Microsoft Project. Introduction. Project Management Process Groups. Study Flashcards On PMBOK Chapter 3 - Project Management Processes for a Project at Cram. C, 3 weeks; F, 1 week; and G, 1 week. MAAW's Textbook Table of Contents. We added expanded treatment of Earned Value Management in Chapter 4 (Project Integration Management), Chapter 7 (Project Cost Management), and Chapter 10 (Project Communications Management). 1 (Exception to Design Model Requirements) to add guidance regarding exceptions to design model. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It is really important to ensure that if you set up to do something, you have a laid out plan. Horizon is a company that makes amazing applications for smartphones Lately they have. 1: Marketing 1. The chapter continues with an examination of the gross profit technique for preparing inventory estimates, and the retail method that is quite useful if specific conditions are met. Study 15 Chapter 3 flashcards from Ben M. Sign in with your username and password to your CengageBrain account. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Information Technology. The six processes are. There are a number of technical terms used in this chapter that have very specific definitions established by federal statute or regulations or by HUD. A comprehensive database of more than 110 project management quizzes online, test your knowledge with project management quiz questions. PROJECT SCHEDULE AND PHASES 3-1 3. Other than culture what other. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Study PMBOK Chapter 3 - Project Management Processes for a Project flashcards from gene urban's class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. Table of Contents. Advantages include simplicity, shorter project duration, strong cohesiveness of project team members and cross-functional integration. Chapter 3: The Project Management Process Groups: A Case Study Information Technology Project Management, Fifth Edition * * Chapter 3 - The Project Management Process Groups * Project Management Process Groups A process is a series of actions directed toward a particular result Project management can be viewed as a number of interlinked processes The project management process groups include. Project ManaGeMent ProceSS GrouPS table of contents Preface 2 Visit Our Website 3 Introduction 4 The Origin of the PMBOK® Process Groups 9 3. BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 An Introduction to Project, Program, and Portfolio Management 1 Chapter 2 Project, Program, and Portfolio Selection 37 Chapter 3 Initiating Projects 71 Chapter 4 Planning Projects, Part 1 (Project Integration and Scope Management) 109 Chapter 5 Planning Projects, Part 2 (Project Time and Cost Management) 145 Chapter 6 Planning Projects, Part II (Project Quality,. Under Project Initiation, in the Project Charter row, in the Instructions column, click the Word icon. Euripides Ant. It touches on every aspect of project management and requires a powerful tool to manage all that information. Study 48 Chapter 3 flashcards from Ashley S. Chapter 3: Project Planning and Management. Find event and ticket information. Contents at a Glance Introduction 1 CHAPTER 1 Project Management Framework Fundamentals 21 CHAPTER 2 Professional and Social Responsibility 53. PROJECT MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION FINLAND. In Chapter 2, we defined the DuPont Method for analyzing a company's finances. PMP ® Certification Requirements. Calculate the amount of slack time at activity H. The management of project management: A conceptual framework for project governance. Rochester N. The culture of the organization can impact the effectiveness of different project management structures. Database Management Systems Solutions Manual Third Edition 2 Chapter 1 Concurrent access and crash recovery. We provide an important knowledge base for those involved in managing projects of all kinds. JustAcademy. The complexity profile of a project, the culture of the parent organization, the preferences of the project manager, the knowledge and skills of the team, and whether the project management office is in-house or outsourced are some factors that influence the project’s organization. *The owner and management agent certifications are to be made in accordance with the requirements of HUD Handbook 4370. Learn more about Chapter 3: Human Aspects of Project Management on GlobalSpec. Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, securing, and managing resources to achieve specific goals. PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN PRACTICE. More about POM Chapter 3: Project Management SCMA 331 DSM 3 Chapter 3 (Project Management) __ is the amount of time an individual activity in a network can be delayed without delaying the entire project. The Goals, Provisions and objectives are very much alike with the Republic Act 9003. It depicts the relation between various activities of a project and the sequence in which these activities should be completed to complete the project. It touches on every aspect of project management and requires a powerful tool to manage all that information. Chapter 3 Project Selection and Portfolio Management Project Selection Procedures: A Cross-Industry Sampler. late completion b. Legal Matters. 01a Chapter Three. • Explain the benefits of keeping financial records and documents. Framework for Project Management; 5. Download chapter 3 the project. Management agents must cover. 1 INTRODUCTION. Assisting in the application of design standards and practices to facilitate the resolution of project development issues. 1 Introduction. For period 6: complete questions 1 through 25. Validation plan Describes the approach, resources and schedule used for system validation. Practice Problem: Chapter 3, Project Management Problem 1: The following represent activities in a major. Executing d. This choice Chapter 3 Intro To Project Management Essay should be up to Chapter 3 Intro To Project Management Essay you! With us you are in control. Revise 15-5 Attachment 3. completion with the same personnel as were on the team at the outset c. 2 Special Demands on the Project Manager 84. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon. Hire an essay writer for the best quality essay Chapter 3 Intro To Project Management Essay writing service. Choose from 500 different sets of project management chapter 3 flashcards on Quizlet. CHAPTER 3 6. Study 49 Chapter 3 - Project Management Processes for a Project flashcards from Minda M. First, we will discuss integer-programming formulations. Chapter 3 - Life cycles. Financial Management (Chapter 3: Understanding Financial Statements, Taxes, and Cash Flows) 3. Pass score is 70%. Effective management is discipline, carrying it out. Learning Outcome: 1. The business needs underlying the project. This section focuses on project management and planning, two elements that are essential to a successful 2-50 MW community wind project. What question does a project objective answer? What would be an example of a good project objective? A project objective should state what you want to do, how long it will take and what it will cost. Advantages of Higher Employees’ Performance 7. If events change those overall parameters, the sponsors must be contacted and approve the actions. project management processes. Revise 15-5 Attachment 3. activity list. Chapter Events. com , instructor, and and author of numerous books on project management, among other impressive credentials. There are students who have experienced disappointment with Chapter 3 Intro To Project Management Essay the college paper writing service they hired due to incompetent and uncommitted writers. Study Flashcards On Chapter 3 - Project Management /Managing Systems Projects at Cram. management control center chapter 3 - depot management of controlled materiel chapter 4 - determine materiel requirements for air force -managed reparable and consumable items chapter 5 - reserved chapter 6 - reserved chapter 7 - reserved chapter 8 - reserved chapter 9 - air force materiel utilization and disposition program. University. Human Resource or Employees 3. He has been active with the Project Management Institute for 30 years and a PMP since 1991. Companies change for the better when they work in Basecamp. Under Project Initiation, in the Project Charter row, in the Instructions column, click the Word icon. Our solutions are written by Chegg experts so you can be assured of the highest quality!. com is a cloud-based project management software that can help ease the complex process by offering real-time data and robust project. As a member of Search400. Municipalities can treat waste in the same way. The management function should bind the distinct parts of the program into a cohesive entity. A comprehensive database of more than 110 project management quizzes online, test your knowledge with project management quiz questions. IT related projects are not always successful. It will involve developing an employee management system as a use case, demonstrating CoffeeScript’s easy-to-use classes and coding practices. 1 Develop Project Management PlanDevelop Project Management Plan is the process of documenting theactions necessary to define, prepare, integrate, and coordinate all subsidiary plans. 1 An Overview of the Firm's Financial Statements 1) Which of the basic financial statements is best used to answer the question, "How profitable is the business?". Heizer 03 1. Management agents must cover. The project management life cycle is usually broken down into four phases: initiation, planning, execution, and closure. Horizon is a company that makes amazing applications for smartphones Lately they have. Student Project Three: Find and Replace Description: Your friend from the U. Files (Click on a file to open) Embed. This screen is used to roll up costs for all associated Work Requests and plan all work in advance. Turnitin solutions promote academic integrity, streamline grading and feedback, deter plagiarism, and improve student outcomes. If any employee has questions regarding these policies, please contact Environment, Health and Safety at 919-962-5507 or by using the contact form. It could deliver late as a result, and cost a lot more. Chapter 3, "The Benchmarking Process," describes the benchmarking process developed by the Construction Industry Institute to assess and improve construction project management. Read this essay on Project Management - Chapter 3 Key Terms. Notice the folder in which you choose to save the file so you can. See Chapter 22. Which of the following are metrics of a successful project ____. The Program Management Professional (PgMP)® certification is among the most valued certifications from the Project Management Institute (PMI). This award is given in recognition of an exceptional project team that has. The Gateway West Transmission Line Project is a joint proposal from Idaho Power Company and Rocky Mountain Power Company to construct, operate and maintain approximately 1,100 miles of new 230 kilovolt (kV) and 500 kV transmission lines across southern Wyoming and southern Idaho. Chapter 5 Scope Management “We look like fools. Table of Content. Help Desk Central. References: Each question in this prep test has at least one reference to a standard source of project management, exactly as PMI® does it for the real exam questions. Understand how the PM process groups relate to the PM knowledge areas. What is the IRR of the project? [(Hint: The cash f lows from the project are an annuity so you can solve for i in the equation PVA = R(PVIFA i,10). The group offers Project Management Professional certification that shows competency in a variety of project management and other business-related areas. Chapter 3 Project Management Processes. The quiz below is designed to help you better understand them all. Some adhere to the Project Management Institute (PMI) Project Management Body of Knowledge guide, while others prepare students for Project Management Professional (PMP) or Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM) certification. agile methods. Watch Queue Queue. Martin, Ph. 1 Introduction 19 3. A shortage of qualified personnel is one of the main reason that companies outsource. A-C-D-E-G, also shown in the network above as. Guidebook on Risk Analysis Tools and Management Practices to Control Transportation Project Costs. CHAPTER 7 25. The Associated General Contractors of America is comprised of 89 chartered Chapter affiliates and provides its Chapters and their members with professional development opportunities, up-to-the-minute information and trends in the industry, and discounts on products, programs and services. Performance Management 8. Chapter 3 - The Project Management Process Groups 2 Project Management Process Groups A process is a series of actions directed toward a particular result Project management can be viewed as a number of interlinked processes The project management process groups include: Initiating processes Defining and authorizing a project or project phase. Sign in Register; Hide. Therefore, we recommend you professional essay tutoring. The Student's Responsibility for Management; Chapter 7. ensure the effective flow of the project throughout its existence. Our solutions are written by Chegg experts so you can be assured of the highest quality!. The initiation phase, which PMI calls “starting the project,” includes activities such as holding alignment and kickoff meetings, identifying the project team, developing the resources needed to develop the project plan, and identifying and acquiring the project management infrastructure. Student Residence Management System will be able to notify and confirm all room allocations. CHAPTER 1 • DEfINING MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIzATION 3 1960). Kloppenborg is the founding editor of the Portfolio and Project Management book collection for Business Expert Press, where he has edited 17 books. A good project management system provides for defining the interface between the project team and the organization in all the following areas except. Management agents must cover. CHAPTER 3 6. The estimated time for the critical path is 120 days. Financial Stability Board: Sound risk governance practices isbn 978-92-64-20862-9 26 2014 01 1 P Risk Management and Corporate Governance. The Project Planning Template suite will help you to do this, by giving you a comprehensive collection of Project Planning templates. 63% average accuracy. Learn more about Part 3: Organizational Design for Project Management on GlobalSpec. Project Management Interview - technical interview questions During the project management interview you will be asked interview questions that focus on your skills and experience in successfully delivering different projects. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Chapter 3 Managing Systems Projects. Chapter 3 by Adrienne Watt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4. An online master of project management (MPM) curriculum varies by program. References: Each question in this prep test has at least one reference to a standard source of project management, exactly as PMI® does it for the real exam questions. This activity contains advanced setup tasks that aren't required for a typical implementation of Project Execution Management applications. Records management, also known as records and information management, is an organizational function devoted to the management of information in an organization throughout its life cycle, from the time of creation or inscription to its eventual disposition. According to A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, a project is "a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result". He is a retired U. Computer Science. PAGE 2 Box 3. Figure 1-1. Start studying Chapter 3 Project Management. The Project Management Institute (PMI) is the publisher of PMBOK (now in its fifth edition) and offers two levels of certification: A Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM) has demonstrated a common base of knowledge and terms in the field of project management. DUE Wednesday, March 13, 2014. series of 2008,also known as the " General Santos City Ecological Solid Waste Management Ordinance of 2008". Download chapter 3 the project. Determine Budget (Planning) 1. Sample Project-3: Nuclear Disaster Author Ram Kumar. On occasion, you may even revise your approved budget while your project is in progress. Chapter 3: Project Management answers Summer 2013, Final Exam 16) The network below represents a project being analyzed by Critical Path Methods. 1 INTRODUCTION. You typically develop a budget in stages — from an initial rough estimate to a detailed estimate to a completed, approved project budget. Project Management Institute Charleston SC Chapter The Charleston Engineers Joint Council (CEJC) in conjunction with the Project Management Institute (PMI) Charleston Chapter is proud to announce its inaugural Technical Project Team of the Year Award. Chapter 3 - Project Management Processes For A Project; Minda M. Chapter 3 Project Management Processes. C, 3 weeks; F, 1 week; and G, 1 week. Chapter 3: Developing project proposals A proposal is a selling document; it is not a technical report. *The owner and management agent certifications are to be made in accordance with the requirements of HUD Handbook 4370. The Graduate Project Management Certificate program is designed for students who want to enhance their project management skills, become project managers, or complete additional coursework in preparation for Project Management Professional (PMP) certification. An organization's project management plan expresses the vision, mission, goals, objectives, and strategies of the organization. Chapter 3 Quiz: Project Management Flashcard. In summary, the research over the past 30 years indicates that classroom management is one of the critical ingredients of effective teaching. Study Flashcards On Chapter 3: Project Management Processes at Cram. Chapter 3 Developing Project Proposals. Study Guide for Operations Management (10th Edition) Edit edition. Kim is the author of several books on project management, including Project Management JumpStart, 3rd Edition, and the eight previous editions of the bestselling PMP Project Management Professional Study Guide. According to A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, a project is "a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result". on StudyBlue. Simple Scheduling Basics. IREM ® is an international institute with the learning, certifications, and networking that property managers need to take on real estate management’s most dynamic challenges. Chapter 3 Project Management. Calculate the amount of slack time at activity H. 3 discusses import steps in the implementation of an M&E system. Here at UC Berkeley, we value your growth and development throughout your career journey. project management processes. The chapter includes a roadmap for implementing a benchmarking system and the critical factors affecting the performance of these systems. According to Grinnell and Apple, organizational restructuring is needed because management is unhappy with technical skills though projects are being completed within time and cost. The project charter should always include: a. Welcome to Project Management for Instructional Designers. The borrower requirements listed in this chapter may be complied with by the borrower or a person designated in writing by the borrower. The six processes are. By using these project planning templates, you can quickly and easily plan your project. Also see Chapter 3, Page 11 for guidance on in-stream work methods, as some methods of construction will not be allowed if fish movement is a concern. The Professional Association for Interior Designers. Describe the systems view of project management. "Effective security policy requires input and commitment from the whole organization, so I think we should sit down and map out a plan for developing our security policy," Fred asserted. When we look at the project management life-cycle, there are many people and groups involved. student management system project documentation pdf A web enabled database was designed in order to improve this system. No measures for evaluating the success of the project 6. Recommend documents. Revise 15-1-4. Project Management Process Groups. 4 Introduction to the Project Management Knowledge Areas 32 CHAPTER 2 2 Project Profiling 51 2. The Gateway West Transmission Line Project is a joint proposal from Idaho Power Company and Rocky Mountain Power Company to construct, operate and maintain approximately 1,100 miles of new 230 kilovolt (kV) and 500 kV transmission lines across southern Wyoming and southern Idaho. completion over budget d. Definition phase the project manager will produce the project project management plan (PMP) and include components such as risk, issue, change, plan and quality management. The Student's Responsibility for Management; Chapter 7. Mar 26, 2020 Pavement Preservation - New Developments, Funding, Inspection, Treatments. Project Management A Managerial Approach Chapter 3 The Project Manager Project Management and the Project Manager. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. JustAcademy. Practice Problem: Chapter 3, Project Management Problem 1: The following represent activities in a major construction project. Questions on the exam require you to demonstrate knowledge of management functions and techniques, and ability to associate the meaning of specific terminology with important management. Other project costs that represent valid unfinanced requirements. & Weaver , P. The project topics and materials ordered and produced should be used as a guide or framework for your own project. Project Orders for depot maintenance). IT Project Management Chapter 3; Shared Flashcard Set. 3 Project Phases and Organization 3. This chapter provides an overview of the entire project management process and applies to all the questions in the CAPM and PMP. Don’t worry: these seven project management interview questions, along with specific guidelines on what to look for in candidate responses, will help you find the right person for the job. Simply finishing doesn't ensure that the organization benefits from the project's outcome. Every piece of the personal information you disclose when using our service will remain safe with us. The expected net cash inflows from the project are $7,791 for each of 10 years. 34 Chapter 2: The Project Management and Information Technology Context. More about POM Chapter 3: Project Management SCMA 331 DSM 3 Chapter 3 (Project Management) __ is the amount of time an individual activity in a network can be delayed without delaying the entire project. Ads are vital for GanttProject to be alive. Construction Management Dr. In this chapter we describe and compare the most common qualitative methods employed in project evaluations. The organization’s project management methodology can, in turn, be tailored to fit the specific needs of the project based on customer requirements. Free PMP Exam Questions Chapter 2 Organizational Influences and Project Life Cycle, Free PMP Chapter 2 Test, Free Questions on Organizational Influence The project management life cycle. Microsoft Access- Chapter One. Chapter 5 Scope Management. 01a STREAM December 2014 Designers' Manual Project Design 3. Title: Chapter 3: The Project Management Process Groups 1 Chapter 3 The Project Management Process Groups Information Technology Project Management, Fourth Edition 2 Learning Objectives. Chapter 3 Intro To Project Management Essay, reviewed outline and excited to see how she develops her essay, how do you show a book title in an essay, research work on educati. 3 Research and Technology Projects. Employee Performance 6. There are students who have experienced disappointment with Chapter 3 Intro To Project Management Essay the college paper writing service they hired due to incompetent and uncommitted writers. Terms in this set () The output of the stakeholder management strategy results is a project charter. Of the three management stakeholders in my project, I will cover the two of sponsorship and decision authority. This practice quiz contains 10 questions, provided by by Joseph Phillips, PMP and Project+ certified, creator of the PMP Prep Kit at Instructing. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Chapter 3 from Designing and managing your research project: Core skills for social and health research project’ s research goals, not processes associated with the management of the project. Treasury Risk Management Chapter 3. Managing risk is an important task for any project manager. 1 Introduction to Project Management 1. CHAPTER 1 2. REVIEW OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS AND PROJECT PROPOSALS PREPARED BY OTHER FEDERAL AGENCIES. Project Management Institute Charleston SC Chapter The Charleston Engineers Joint Council (CEJC) in conjunction with the Project Management Institute (PMI) Charleston Chapter is proud to announce its inaugural Technical Project Team of the Year Award. Chapter 3: Developing project proposals A proposal is a selling document; it is not a technical report. Follow good project management processes. In this section, we will examine three common financial models: discounted cash flow analysis, net present value, and internal rate of return. For some people, and not only professional mathematicians, the essence of mathematics lies in its beauty and its intellectual challenge. Study Chapter 3- Project Management Processes flashcards from olga sorokin's МГ №79 class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. CHAPTER 1 2. Project Management employs a managerial, business-oriented approach to the management of projects, which is reinforced throughout the text with current examples of project management in action. In this chapter, we explain where DTD development takes place in the context of a global SGML project, listing all the issues you need to consider before a DTD development project can be started and describing how to run the project with a minimum of risk. Computer Science. Which of the following are metrics of a successful project ____. Revise 8-5-55. The complexity level of a project influences the organizational structure and the resources and skills needed at each phase. Apr 18, 2020 2020 The Great LA River CleanUp. The Australian Rainfall and Runoff: A guide to flood estimation (ARR) is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.